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Amsterdam and the Netherlands

Dutch Artists: Bosch, Limbourg, Ouwater, van Leyden, Mor, Steenwijck, Avercamp, van der Ast, Brouwer, van de Cappelle, Cuyp, Decker, Duo, Fabritius, van Goyen, Hals, Heda, de Hooch, de Keyser, Lastman, Lievens, Leyster, Molenaer, Metsu, van der Neer, van Ostade, van Oosterwijck, Post, Rembrandt, Hobbema, Ruisdael, Saenredam, Steenwijck, Steen, Claesz, ter Borch, van de Velde, Vermeer, Verspronck, Netscher, de Witte, van Huysum, van Strij, Blommers, Dommersen, van Gogh, Israëls, Mollinger, de Haan, van Doesburg, Bol, and Mondrian ... to name a few
The ever growing Schmuel-Leib Eliezar and Rembrandt's "Officers and Men of the Amsterdam Kloveniers Militia, the Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq"

My initial trip to Amsterdam was to satisfy my curiosity as a New Yorker. This being New Amsterdam, and after spending many years documenting the Dutch influence in Brooklyn and New York City, I wanted to see if there was a spiritual connection between the two cities. I went with my Daughter, Shsoshana, partly as a graduation present to her. When we arrived, I had an itinerary of Museums I wanted to see to include the Rijks Museum, the Van Gogh Museum, the Mauritshuis (in the Hague), the Hermitage Annex, the Kroller-Muller in the woods, the Rembrandt House, and Portuguese Synagogue. We covered this in 4 days and was exhausted by the trip.

We learned a few things on this trip and I came to love this city and I've come to adore the Jewish community that lives in Amsterdam. This is one of the cultural centers of the Western World with a warm and generous population. And they hustle. This is a city of hustle and bustle. One can feel the NY-Amsterdam connection as soon as you get off the plane.
cont. below
cont. Rijks Museum
cont. Kroller-Muller Museum
cont. Mauritshuis
cont. Van Gogh Museum
cont. Portuguese Synagogue
cont. Frans Hals Museum - Haarlem
cont. Our Visits and Stays in Amsterdam


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Amsterdam and the Arts

Amsterdam and the Netherlands has to have the largest collection of Art in the world, and much of that has to do with the Dutch Golden Age. The Dutch Golden Age produced the greatest output of painting in the history of the world, as every museum on the planet stands as a testament to. Early in the development of the great art collections in New York City, a love affair manifested itself with the great art patrons of the city, many of whom where the new Jewish merchant class.

The gobbled up a huge number of Dutch art, which is today on display at the Metropolitan, and the Frick Museums. It got to the point where a tug of war sometimes developed between the Dutch and the city's patrons. To this day this means that Dutch and New York art professionals have a broad and wide collaboration.

Despite the dispersal of great dutch art all about the world, there is still a great collection left in the Netherlands, starting at the Rijks Museum. On my first trip to Amsterdam the Rijks Museum was under reconstruction and all I got to see was the annex that they had opened. Later trips I had a chance to see the new Museum. The dutch were very excited about their new Rijks Museum and put together this nice video to advertise the fact that is was open.

On the first trip, I made it a point not to take too many photographs, opting instead to actually enjoy the time with my daughter and this great city. Later trips, I took many pictures and close ups of works from all the museums we went to accept for the Van Gogh museum which is one of the few museums to still banish cameras. As a result, I have images across multiple locations in my image galleries mixed in with my Israel photographs. I'll list the links to them below. Like the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the Rijks Museum and the others in the Netherlands have just too many great works to put them all on this page, so I will put up a select few and if you click on them, you should see the larger image close up.

Rijks Museum


 Willem Van de Velde the Elder - Battle of Leghorn - Pencil Painting
Willem Van de Velde the Elder - Battle of Leghorn - Pencil Painting

Frans Hals Wedding portrait of Isaac Abrahamsz Massa and Beatrix van der Laan
Frans Hals - Wedding portrait of Isaac Abrahamsz Massa and Beatrix van der Laan


Vermeer - Milk Maid
Vermeer's Milkmaid


Vermeer - Milk Maid
Vermeer's Milkmaid close up


Vermeer - Milk Maid
Vermeer's Milkmaid close up


Vermeer - Milk Maid
Vermeer's Milkmaid close up


Vermeer - Milk Maid

Vermeer - Milk Maid

Vermeer's Milkmaid has been extensively written about within the context of the 17th century role and symbolism that she would have sprung from. Of course, this is one of the most famous paintings in the world, and I was lucky to get exceptionally close to the painting on a raining winter day, before it was placed behind protective glass, as it is now. The guards at the Rijks Museum were very kind to me. I do want to note that the painting is dominated by two tones, Blue and Yellow and these pigments, especially the blues, were expensive and needed great artistry in order to produce.

Vermeer used a blue pigments, one called Ultramarine, which was produced from the lapis lazuli which was imported from Afghanistan. It was very expensive and his use of it might well have meant that is paintings were an upscale purchase. However, he tinted the color with lead white (which is poisonous to humans as we learned) to produce a pigment tone called Cornflower Blue. I think this has confused many authors, to thinking the pigment itself was produced by the Cornflower. But if the National Gallery in London is to be believed, and they have done considerable research on the topic, the blue source in Vermeer is Ultramarine.

The Yellow is sourced from oxides of lead and tin. These were often mixed with a pigment produced from Weld Plants, called Lake Yellow. This color often fades over time. The yellows that Vermeer uses are very rich, and will not be rivaled again until Van Gogh's Sunflowers.


Hobema
A Water Mill, Meindert Hobbema, c. 1664


Hobema
A Water Mill, Meindert Hobbema, c. 1664


Hobema
A Water Mill, Meindert Hobbema, c. 1664


Hobema
A Water Mill, Meindert Hobbema, c. 1664


Hobema
A Water Mill, Meindert Hobbema, c. 1664


Hobema

Meindert Hobbema, c. 1664 A Water Mill - Hobbema is very underrated and in my opinion this particular painting is one of the great masterpieces in Western Art.
See more of this Masterpiece in my images directory and also here.

The Rijksmuseum has two water mills, evidently. I wasn't really aware of this until putting these photographs together because the two paintings are similar and are categorized under the same name. Most art museums have at least one Hobbema and they are always a delight. Hobbema's paintings have harmony and feel like a real forest. You can trace the nearly invisible wind through his elegant and complex trees. You will never find wind blowing east in the tree tops and then west in the grass. And in this way, he freezes the moment solidly into the canvass, and makes one emotionally feel present in the local. He will also give multiple vanishing points, so you can explore the depth of the works in different directions, as if you are standing on the ground and scanning the countryside. It all has a great calming effect.


Rembrandt - Jewish Bride
Rembrandt - The Jewish Bride (with spectators)


Rembrandt - Jewish Bride close up
Rembrandt - The Jewish Bride - close up


Rembrandt - Militia Company of District II under the Command of Captain Frans Banninck Cocq
Rembrandt - Militia Company of District II under the Command of Captain Frans Banninck Cocq

Rembrandt - Militia Company of District II under the Command of Captain Frans Banninck Cocq
Rembrandt - Militia Company of District II under the Command of Captain Frans Banninck Cocq


Rembrandt - Militia Company     of District II under the Command of Captain Frans Banninck Cocq
Rembrandt - Militia Company of District II under the Command of Captain Frans Banninck Cocq

Frans Banninck Cocq, whose father was a pharmacist, married into the prestigious family Cornelis and Andries de Graeff. The de Graeff's were the backbone of the Republican movement in Amsterdam and opposed the House of Orange, particularly with regard to any form of Monarchy. Banninck Cocq was Mayor of Amsterdam, which at the time had international implications. That mades Bannick Cocq a key part of the civic life of Amsterdam, and the Netherlands, until his death in 1655.


Rembrandt - Militia Company of District II under the Command of Captain Frans Banninck Cocq with a crowd
This photograph shows a crowd in front of the Night Watch and shows just how powerfully this painting can confuse the line between reality and the world of the painting.


Rembrandt - The Conspiracy of the Batavians under Julius Civilis
Rembrandt - The Conspiracy of the Batavians under Julius Civilis - this painting is usually in Sweden but has been loaned to the Rijks Museum for a decent period of time. It was on my list of painting I had wanted to see in the world, and I was discussing it with my son when we walked into the Hall of Fame and he pointed to it and said, is that the painting you said was in Sweden, and I was astonishing to see it. It was a very happy moment and we got quite a few photographs of the painting which has a long an torturous history


Rembrandt - The Conspiracy of the Batavians under Julius Civilis
Close up of The Conspiracy of the Batavians.

The painting has a long and unusual history, being created for the "new" Amsterdam Townhall, and being rejected for its original purpose. Rembrandt cut it down and it eventually made its way to Sweden.

One of the truly crazy stories about this painting, according to art historian Carl Nordenfalk, was that 18th century conservator Erik Hallblad lifted the actual paint of the painting from the original canvas and remounted it on a new canvas, ripping the painting in the process. I've searched for original research on the damage and technique of what was actually done, but I have drawn a blank thus far aside from a small article named "Some facts about Rembrandt's Claudius Civilis" from Konsthistorisk tidskrift/Journal of Art History printed in 1956.

In ripping the painting Hallblad covered up his error by painting another sword to onto this Rembrandt masterpiece to cover the damage. You would think that this kind of dramatic damage to one of Rembrandt's most important works would have a bigger literature trail, or to have been examined by X-ray, but I can't yet find any such details.


Avercamp
Winter Landscape with Ice Skaters, Hendrick Avercamp, c. 1608


Frozen Canal Hendrick Avercamp
Hendrick Avercamp was one of several artists who worked on candid paintings of frozen canals. This event doesn't happen often but when it does, it seems to produce an impromptu national holiday. These paintings are just fun to view, something that up until now is completely Dutch. Here we see lovers gather, children playing Kuff with sticks, and all which is the good life of Amsterdam's success on display, skating around the frozen urban landscape. We also see dead horses, and peasants experiencing hardships. This is an extreme close up of the example that exists in the Rijks Museum

Painted in 1608, this is one of the earlier works of art of the Dutch Golden Age, with the Rebellion from Spain still a fresh memory. It would seem that Avercamp was deaf and dumb, which is quite amazing. He died in 1634, which is prior to most of the artists listed here.


Delft House - Vermeer
Vermeer - Little Street Scene (in Delft) close up


Delft House - Vermeer
Vermeer - The Little Street Scene (In Delft) - brick wall close up

The last time we went to see this at the Rijks Museum with my son, this painting almost escaped me, on the visit. I wanted to show it off to my son, but it was nowhere to be found. It finally occurred to us that it was in a special exhibit that celebrated the fact that they found the exact location of these homes, which ended up being on Vlamingstraat, 40 and 42 in Delft. The house would be, therefore, very close to the Nieuwe Kerk where William the Silent is buried. With the devastation to the area, it is hard to think that these homes were not affected by the Delft Thunderclap of 1654.

I wanted to point out that Vermeer was a genius of visual illusion. Painting, is after all, creating an illusion on canvas, even abstract paintings. The artist has to understand how the human eye works. In the case of the Street Scene, when one looks at the brickwork it seems to be extremely realistic and detailed. But when one looks closely at the walls, it is seen as being abstract. Vermeer understood that he didn't need to paint every brick to produce the illusion of a complete brick wall, where as most of his contemporaries indeed did try to paint every last brick to perfection, which less real.


Model Naval Vessel

de Velde I - Pencil Painting

de Velde I - Pencil Painting

Naval Battle - Pencil Painting
The Battle of Terheide, Willem van de Velde (I), 1657 (close up)


The Battle of Livorno (Leghorn), Willem van de Velde (I), c. 1659 - c. 1699 Naval Battle - Pencil Painting
The Battle of Livorno (Leghorn) Close Up Detail, Willem van de Velde (I), c. 1659 - c. 1699


The Battle of the Downs, Willem van de Velde (I), 1659 Naval Battle - Pencil Painting
The Battle of the Downs, Willem van de Velde (I), 1659 - Detail


The Battle of Dunkirk, Willem van de Velde (I), 1659 - Naval Battle - Pencil Painting
The Battle of Dunkirk, Willem van de Velde (I), 1659 with Schmuel Lieb standing in front to give you an idea of the size of this work.


Naval Battle - Pencil Painting

The Dutch, if not invented, then certainly perfected marine painting and drawing. The Rijksmuseum has a unique collection of Pen Paintings, which are compositions that are made with pen on a white canvas or panel, using the ground for the background. Willem van de Velde I was the king of Maritime and Naval Battles. This maniac rowed into live naval battles and sketched the scenes, and then scaled them up to wall size compositions with painful detail. The ocean never looked as authentic as it did in the hands of van de Velde (I). Flames, sails, sailors jumping for their lives, waves and wind are all laid out before us, with the banners of various nations, usually being beaten by the powerful Dutch Navy. After the Rampjaar, van de Velde and his son escaped to England where he inspired if not taught the British the art of naval compositions, giving rise to Turner and other beloved English artists of the same genera.


Jan Steen, Feast of St. Nicholas
Jan Steen, Feast of St. Nicholas (detail)


Jan Steen - As the old sing, so shall the young twitter
Jan Steen - As the old sing, so shall the young twitter


Jan Steen - The Baker Arent Oostwaard and his Wife
Jan Steen - The Baker Arent Oostwaard and his Wife, Catharina Keizerswaard, Jan Havicksz. Steen, 1658

Children Teaching a Cat to Dance, Known as ‘The Dancing Lesson’, Jan Havicksz. Steen, 1660 - 1679 Children Teaching a Cat to Dance, Known as ‘The Dancing Lesson’, Jan Havicksz. Steen, 1660 - 1679
Jan Steen - Children Teaching a Cat to Dance, Known as ‘The Dancing Lesson’


A Parrots Cage Jan Havicksz. Steen, 1660 - 1679
A Parrots Cage - Jan Steen


The (Love)
			Sick Women
The (Love)
			Sick Women
Jan Steen - The (Love) sick women


Jan Steen
Jan Steen - Adolf and Catharina Croeser in Oude Delft 1655

Jan Steen, more than any other paitners of the Dutch Golden Age, is beloved by the people of Holland. If you go to the Rijksmuseum and stand in front of the "St Nicolas Feast" or "As They Pipe", and just wait, it will not be long before a random stranger will come to you and strike up a conversation and Steen's place in the Dutch heart. They will tell you that a messy house in Dutch is known as a "Steen House". Among the pantheon of Dutch painters, he is the one that most resembles the Dutch heart. While one can quickly learn to determine the style of Vermeer, Hals, and Rembrandt, Steen was diverse in is painting style and subject matter. He was a master craftsman capable of a diverse number of subjects and style painting over 800 works in his lifetime.

One might think Steen is the lesser talented of the Dutch giants, but his bush work in the cloth of carpet of the "Sick Women" rivals Vermeer, and his fabric on the Adolf Croeser painting rivals Hals and Rembrandt. In terms of his invention of story telling and drama, Steen is without peers. The injection of humour into his paintings is distinctly Dutch and almost without precedent. We take this for granted today, and painters like Normal Rockwell are revered in the United States. But Jan Steen invented this style of painting, using the art almost like a marketing tool, generations before modern public advertising was invented. He invented the "Polaroid Moment" and all his works have deep symbolic meanings that one needs to be educated in Dutch Culture to understand but would have been immediately identifiable by the audiences of the 17th Century.


Carl
			Fabritius
Carel Fabritius Portrait of Abraham de Potter, Amsterdam Silk Merchant

Carel Fabritius can probably be ranked the second greatest artist of the Dutch Golden Age, right behind his master and teacher, Rembrandt. It is also tied to one of the greatest tragedies in art history and dutch history. In the prime of his career he was killed in the Delft Thunderclap that destroyed much of the city. In addition to taking his life, the explosion destroyed most of Fabritius's work. We have a very small fragment of his art. There is perhaps as few as 13 surviving works by his hand known to us, but he had a wide influence on Vermeer and de Hooch and the rest of the Delft school.

He was famous in his lifetime for his perspective and architectural works which we have only one or two examples. He painted walls in residences and estates (like Di Vinci's Last Supper) and these works were obviously not mobile. When residents changed there tastes, they covered the walls and the paintings. Obviously homes that were lost, the paintings were likewise lost. Upon his death, his widower described him as the court painter of the statholder of the House of Orange. And painting he produced for the House of Orange in Delft have been lost.


Peasant Kermis, David Teniers (II), c. 1665 Teniers
Peasant Kermis, David Teniers (II), c. 1665

Metsu - The SIck Child
Gabriël Metsu - The Sick Child

Hondecoeter
Seven Chicks, Melchior d'Hondecoeter, c. 1665 - c. 1668
This is a personal favorite of mine and what I find incredible is that it is very hard to see a moment of a bird's life. They move constantly and quickly. In this case, not only is the power of d'Hondecoeter's perception on display, but he captures a very dinosaur like vision of these birds. You can see a little bit of T-Rex in these chicks.

Marten Soolmans - Rembrandt Full Length Portrait
Marten Soolmans - Rembrandt Full Length Portrait


Oopjen Coppit  Rembrandt Full Length Portrait
Oopjen Coppit Rembrandt Full Length Portrait

These two Rembrandt Pendant paintings where created to celebration the wedding and marriage of young Mr Soolmans to Miss Coppit. Unfortunately, he did not survive long after the marriage and died 7 years later. The two life size paintings were purchased from the Rothchild collection in 2016 and are jointly owned by the Louve and the Rijks Museum. I was lucky to see it displayed in Amsterdam. They are undergoing a cleaning and will be shared by the two institutions on a rotating basis.


Bartholomeus van der Helst -
Officers and other shooters of district VIII in Amsterdam, led by captain Roelof Bicker and lieutenant Jan Michielsz Blaeuw, Bartholomeus van der Helst, c. 1640 - c. 1643


Jocab de Gheyn -     Loins drawings
Jocab de Gheyn - Loins drawings


La Corniche
			in Monaco by Claude Monet - Impressionist at the Rijks
Claude Monet La Corniche in Monaco


de Velde I - Pencil Painting

Rijks Museum Library
Rijksmuseum Historical Library

Mauritshuis

The Maurithuis is in the Hague and we have gone to see it 4 times...so far. It is always a special trip out of the way to the Dutch administrative capital. I am not particularly found of the Hague. It doesn't have the rich Jewish heritage of Amsterdam, and I think the city, while very modern, is not attractive. I has a lot of Muslims, as we learned on our first trip when we went there from Amsterdam by rail on a Sunday morning. After seeing the Maurithuis, we went to the nearby markets which were completely Muslim. I did pick up a nice Camera for a good price. The one I had was died on the trip.

What I've learned over time is that the best way to see the Maurithuis, if you can, and if you are staying in Amsterdam, is to arrive early in Holland by air, and take the train from Schiphol airport to De Hague. The airport has a direct connection to the rail for the entire country. It is quite amazing and very Dutch. Get your luggage, and take the train to the Hague and use a locker to store your bags. Do not bring bags to the museum. You will be rejected. Unload everything in the lockers and then walk to the Museum. They are coin operated. You walk left, past the Palace, and into the old city, through a huge square of restaurants, to the far side, up the road and to the museum. It is a 10 minute walk or less.


The Maurithuis House is a very small museum, somewhat like the Frick in NYC, but a bit larger. It is officially "the Mauritshuis Royal Picture Gallery". It is housed in the rebuilt 17h century home of Johan Maurits who made a fortune on the sugar trade and African slavery. The house itself was burnt to the bare walls in the early 1700's and then rebuilt, with 18th century touches and finally rebuilt in the 2012 into a more modern museum by connecting it to more space via an underground tunnel to the de Witte Society (which I find ironic if you know the history of the de Wittes). That makes it substantially larger than the Frick, but one can see the whole museum in 2 hours, certainly 3 hours. Even I, as a fanatic, was unable to spend more than 4 hours before I saw everything.

Originally, my main purpose of seeing this museum was to see the famous Rembrandt, "Anatomy Lesson of Dr Tulp". I didn't fully understand how many great works of art this museum had, especially the Fabritius "Goldfinch", Vermeers "Girl with a Pearl Earring" which was purchased in a garage sale, and "The View of Delft". A Rembrandt self-portrait of the highest quality is here, as well as Frans Hals' "Laughing Boy". With regard to Rembrandt, he has several important works here, maybe the second best collection in terms of quality including the "Two Moors", which is a very sensitive portrayal of of black men, especially for the period, and "The Laughing Man", and "Susanna", and "David and Solomon". Jan Steen's, 'As the Old Sing, So Pipe the Young', is one of the great great pieces for which they have two version. And this is just the must see pieces. In truth, so much talent is on display at the Mauritshuis that what is thought of as minor artists would be giants if not being from the Dutch Golden Age, and for not being houses with Vermeer, Rembrandt, Hals and Steen.

After seeing the Maurithuis, one can double back to the rail station and take the train to Central Station in Amsterdam or even South Station, and be back to your Amsterdam Hotel base before dinner. It is a great way to start your trip to the city. Just make sure to contact your hotel and alert them that you are making a late check in.


Thomas de Keyser, Portrait of Loef Vredericx (1590-1668) as an Ensign, 1626

Hendrick Avercamp, Ice Scene



Hendrick Avercamp, Ice Scene



Jan Davidsz de Heem, Vase of Flowers

Jan Davidsz de Heem, Vase of Flowers

Adriaen Brouwer, Fighting Peasants

Rembrandt Self Portrait

The Anatomy Lesson of Dr Nicolaes Tulp

The Anatomy Lesson of Dr Nicolaes Tulp

The Anatomy Lesson of Dr Nicolaes Tulp

The Anatomy Lesson of Dr Nicolaes Tulp

Rembrandt Andromeda

Vermeer - View of Delft

Vermeer - Girl with a Pearl Earring

Vermeer - Girl with a Pearl Earring

Fabritius - The Goldfinch

Fabritius - The Goldfinch

Jan Steen - As The Piper

As The Piper

Hobema

Hobema

Hobema

Hobema

Esnoga - Portuguese Synagogue

I am an native New Yorker and part of my heritage in this city is the early arrival of Jews to this city, Sephardi Jews, from Amsterdam and Portugal, by way of Recife, Brazil in 1654. They quickly set up their first synagogue, Shearith Israel, on Mill Street in what is today the Financial District or Wall Street area. This became known as the Portuguese Synagogue, which still continues until today with an edifice on the upper West Side of Manhattan.

In a short period of time I had the pleasure of visiting this synagogue, and then visit Granada, Spain (ground zero for the Spanish Inquisition), and Tzfat, Israel (the great post expulsion Sephardi settlement in the Land of Israel), along with Hebron and Jerusalem. So in essence, I had followed the Jewish Diaspora for over 1000 years, befriending Jewish brothers and sisters around the globe in all these active communities. This is a topic worth its own website at some point.

I have children and Grandchildren in Israel and when I fly out to see them, I always spend a Shabbat in Amsterdam with my friends at the Esnoga. I love these people, deeply. And I love this synagogue, very deeply. I have had the honor of getting Aliyah's here on Shabbat, and eating in their homes, including my wine merchant friend, Marcelo Leon, Gabbi Lea and Rabbi Shimon Beck, Danny Wrona, and others.

The Jewish history of Amsterdam is sad. Obviously there is the world famous story of Anne Frank. The people of Amsterdam called for and held a citywide strike against the Nazi Occupation and Jewish deportations that was brutally repressed, ending on February 11, 1941 on the Waterlooplein. It is hard to understand why the two major Synagogues, Ashkenazi and Sephard, were allowed to remain. The Ashkenzi ediface was converted to a museum, as nearly no Jewish life remains on Jodenbreestraat.


Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Some Pictures from the Ashkenazi Synagogue which houses the Jewish Museum and is across the street from the Esnoga
Jewish Museum in the Ashenazi Synagogue

Jewish Museum in the Ashenazi Synagogue

Jewish Museum in the Ashenazi Synagogue

Jewish Museum in the Ashenazi Synagogue

Jewish Museum in the Ashenazi Synagogue

Jewish Museum in the Ashenazi Synagogue

Jewish Museum in the Ashenazi Synagogue

Jewish Museum in the Ashenazi Synagogue

Images from out 2012 trip to the Esnoga
Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue

Portuguese Synagogue - winter Baes Medresh

Portuguese Synagogue - winter Baes Medresh

Portuguese Synagogue - winter Baes Medresh

Portuguese Synagogue - Library

Portuguese Synagogue - Library

The Van Gogh Museum

Unfortunately, the Van Goh Museum doesn't allow for Photographs, and that is a big problem. The museum itself is reason itself to go to Amsterdam and as an attraction, it rivals anything in the world. I made an error to go to Amsterdam over the Christmas Holiday, traveling on Christmas (what do I care, its not my holiday). Travel was easy but the lines to see anything in Amsterdam was unbelievably long, and none more so that the Van Gough Museum. The line was about 8 NYC blocks long to get in, wrapped around the Museum, through Museum Plein, about a city block back towards the Rijks Museum, where it crossed a nearly a long line to get into the Rijks Museum, back across the Plein near the red "AMSTERDAM" sign, and out the plein and down the street. I, however, had a VIP pass from previous trips and was allowed to bypass the line through the old entrance, and to go in.

The Van Gogh is a state of the art museum with state of the art security. I believe they are taking voice prints of everyone who enters the building. The place is packed all the time, and with crowds that rival the IRT at Grand Central, paintings have been stolen. Can anyone guess the value of VanGogh's Almond Blossoms? They have multiple painting that would auction into the billions of dollars and they have been robbed before. So the security is very serious. Like El Al, they speak to every patron who enters the building, they confirm their id, and they watch their behaviors. Camera's are everywhere. The museum will often let you get close to paintings, closer than they will at the Metropolitan, but cross their comfort zone and the guards are right there, and the paintings are individually alarmed.

The Museum has, according to its 2017 report, 17,564 registered object which represents 99.5% of the entire collection (don't ask me to explain that). It might not be irrational to ask why. The only thing that matters when you have 210 of the greatest Van Gogh paintings in the world is his paitings. Not much else really matters. The public does a B-line straight for the Van Goughs and everything else is background. I've seen patrons blow past Renoir to find Van Gogh's at the Kroller-Muller. I've seen young women deep in conversation be startled into silence when confronted with St Remy's colors at the Van Gough Musuem. I've seen a near stampede to see Almond Blossoms in Philadelphia, driving in over 6 million dollars in sales in 3 short months. Van Gogh is the real rock star of the art world, and for good reason. His art touches the modern audience deeper than any artist in the last 500 years. In London's famed National Galleries, with Divincis, Rembrandts, Vermeers, Titans, and Raphaels, the only room that needs a security guard to control the flow of foot traffic in the Van Gogh room. And Van Gogh Museum has 210 of the most famous and desired painting on Earth in an embarrassment of embarrassment of riches.. but you can't take any pictures.


Take a walking tour of the Van Gough Museum on Googole Art

The Kröller-Müller Museum


The Kroller-Muller Museum is a little gem of an institution that is placed in the middle of a national park. In order to arrive there from Amsterdam, and it is a must thing to do, one needs to take the train from Central Station to Apeldoorn. This connects to a 108 bus that takes you to Otterlo, and the entrance to the Nationale Park De Hoge Veluwe where you buy your ticket and wait for a van (the 106 bus) to take you to the entrance of the museum grounds. Along the way you will get a chance to see the fantastic Dutch landscape: canals, sheep, horses, green grass, tulips, sun flowers, and windmills. It is a fantastic side trip. It is about a 2 hour trip.


The major reason one goes to the Kroller-Muller is because it has the second largest collection of Van Gogh's in the world. Helene Muller discovered Van Gogh around the turn of the 20th Century and was dismayed to learn that the artist shot himself. She picked up choice examples of Vincent's works for pennies on the dollar. And through her collecting, she established Van Gogh as the premiere artist he is known today. The museum has a listing of the prices that painting were purchased for into the 1920s and beyond.


Van Gogh

Picaso

Picaso

Picaso

Brass Wall Sculpture

Brass Wall Sculpture

Brass Wall Sculpture

Mata Hari by Isaac Israels (1916)

Venus and Amor -  Hans Baldung 1524/1525

Venus with Amor the honey thief -  Lucas Cranach de Oudeafter - 1537

THÉO VAN RYSSELBERGHE (1862-1926) Coup de vent d'est, 1905

Signac

Renior

Tower of Babyl

Tower of Babyl

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Much of the rest of this are Van Gogh's works and close up of his painting's details which I find fascinating.


Van Gogh - Night Caffe

Van Gogh - Night Caffe

Van Gogh - Night Cafe

Van Gogh - Night Cafe

Van Gogh - Night Cafe

Van Gogh - Wheat Field in Yellow

Van Gogh - Wheat Field in Yellow

Van Gogh - Wheat Field in Yellow

Van Gogh - Wheat Field in Yellow

Van Gogh - Olive Orch

Van Gogh

Van Gogh - Seed Spreader in Blue

Van Gogh - Forest Understudy

Van Gogh - Wheat Stacks

Van Gogh - Wheat Stacks

Van Gogh Wheat Field in Yellow

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Van Gogh -  Sunflower

Van Gogh - Sunflower

Van Gogh - Sunflower

Van Gogh - Sunflower

Van Gogh - Sunflower

Van Gogh -  Sunflower

Van Gogh -  Sunflower

Van Gogh -  Sunflower

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From here we are taking a look at the Museums famous sculpture gardens and grounds. There is a lot more to the grounds and the garden, but this museum just tired me out.


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Frans Hals Museum - Haarlem

The biography of Frans Hals is interesting in that, unlike most people of his generation, he lived until a ripe old age being born in 1582 and died at the age of 84 in 1666. This would mean that he was, during much of the Dutch Golden age, an elder statesmen of the art world, being born in Antwerp and living through much of the Dutch revolt. He would have been born just at the start of the declaration of Independence of the 7 northern providences following the terrible repression of the Spanish Monarchy of Netherlandish and Flemish Protestantism. This was the start of the 80 year war which was brutal, so brutal to have given birth of heinous works of art such as Bruegels, Massacre of the Innocent, a painting so brutal that that later patrons felt it necessary to cover up the slaughter of the children with hams and geese.


Massacre of the Innocents - after Bruegels: With the children
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Compliments of Web Gallery of ART

This was a generation that was all to familiar with the most gruesome forms of death. Another example for Bruegel's is The Triumph of Death about 1563. These are works of art that are prescient of Picasso's Guernica. The Hals family moves from Spanish dominated Antwerp to Haarlem.

By 1610, Hals was already producing portraits that we had come to know, including that of Jacobus Zaffius, 1611 which is on display at the Hals Museum.

Jacobus Zaffius - 1611
By this time Hals is already a mature 29 years of age, but his reputation was soon to grow. Much of the brilliance of Frans Hal is in his craftsmanship. He was most famous for his use of what Karel Van Mander as the "rough style" of painting. Along with the mature Rembrandt, Hals made use of broad brushwork that suggested detail in what I can only describe as a magical application of paint on canvass. The style itself starts with Titian, but was broadly adapted by the greatest of Dutch artists, and the style is "rediscovered" by Manet, and the impressionists, and Van Gogh, who found that the slightest application of color produces great illusion and depth. In fact, all the great artists of the Dutch Golden Age were experts in the economy of brush strokes (which is not the same as painting fast). Vermeer's Girl with a Pearl Earring, the earring itself is lit by a single well places white brush stroke. His brick wall in the Scene of a Delft Street is just spots of light. Fabritius's Goldfinch uses the affect to create an illusion of movement. Rembrandt's Jan Six, one of the few works of art I have not scene because of it being locked away in a private family collection, but wish to see, has hands produced by a few bush strokes. And while this rough style was largely disliked by Rembrandt's patrons, Hals continued to be popular with it, perhaps because of his use of genere painting and outwardly theatrical representation of emotions and scenes. Hals only problem with popularity seems to have come from the fact that he lived so long that he flooded the market with his own works, and that is talent seemed ubiquitous. Familiarity, even with his complex and varied use of styles, breeds contempt.


Jan Six - Rembrandt

The Goldfinch - Fabritius

As Hals aged, he suffered from poverty but received a pension from the City of Haarlem. Eventually, he ended up living at St Elizabeth's. As a result of this, the hospital possessed many Hals artifacts and works of art. These in turn eventually ended up owned by the City of Haarlem, which in 1913 moved the collection to the "old men's home" where Hals had lived though the end of his life. What is interesting is that when we went to Haarlem, which is truly an ancient and charming city, we made a quick run from the train station, arriving from Amsterdam in about an hour ride. I wasn't looking at many of the details about me. But after we finished with the Museum, I started to take pictures. When I got home I had come to realized that the buildings around the museum where the very same ones that Hals' life was played out, including the St Elizabeth's hospital.









The Museum itself was better than I anticipated, and I am looking forward to going back, and exploring more of Haarlem. This wasn't because I had low expectations for the museum. In fact, I had done a lot of research prior to going and I had high expectations. It is just that the museum is really a world class institution, and the art is fabulous. This is a very special place.

The life size group works by Hals are well written up and I can add nothing to the historical greatness of these pieces. In real life, that are bewildering. They are powerful, vibrant and really put you in the moment. They were originally hanging on the walls of the hospital before being moved across the street to the alms house which serves as the museum (incidently, the Hermitage Annex in Amsterdam is also housed in an old alms house). There are some drawbacks to the building, which perhaps shows you how spoiled we have become with the quality of the exhibition spaces in the Netherlands. Windows cause glare on these wall sized painting, and cracks have developed in the paint making some of the works difficult to see at various parts of the day. The cracks that are developing in these 400 year old paintings can beak your heart. It is not as bad a Da Vinci's last supper, which is all but gone into history. But the damages are substantial and inherent to the paints.

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Special Exhibit

Gerrit Berckheyde

Interior

Church

Church

Stilllife with Skull

Hals Portrait

Hals Portrait

Hals Portrait

Hals Portrait

Hals Portrait

Hals Portrait

Hals Portrait

Hals Portrait







Stilllife

Stilllife



Brakenburgh - ST Nicholas Festival

Lewd aproach

Militia

Militia

Militia

Militia

Militia

Militia

cracked paint

cracked paint

cracked paint

cracked paint

cracked paint

cracked paint

cracked paint





Ancestory

Doll House

Portrait

Portrait

Portraite

Portrait

Portrait

Portrait

Portrait

Portrait

Portrait

Portrait

Portrait

Stilllife

Stilllife





Globe - Judea

Globe - New Amsterdam

Shore front

Shore front

Ruisdael - Landscape

Ruisdael - Landscape

Ruisdael - Landscape

Ruisdael - Landscape

Hendrick Pronck: Strawpainting of the ship *The Bull* (1675-1700)  Straw Naval Ship

Hendrick Pronck: Strawpainting of the ship *The Bull* (1675-1700) Straw Naval

Straw Naval Ship

Peasants

Proverbs

Proverbs

Proverbs

Proverbs

Proverbs

Proverbs

Proverbs

Pharmacy

Pharmacy

Pharmacy

Pharmacy

Pharmacy

Our Tips from our Visits and Stays in Amsterdam

Amsterdam Rooftops 2012

I've been lucky enough in my life to have visited Amsterdam enough times to feel familiar with the city, and to know it well enough to understand its imperfections. Great cities, in my experience, prove themselves in their faults, and not just their attractions. I feel that in order to satisfy myself about a place I want to explore, that I need return again and again, until it is familiar. Once I do that, then I have integrated something of that place to my own experience and person, and I can walk away being influenced by that place.

All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances, And one man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages. At first, the infant, Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms. Then the whining schoolboy, with his satchel And shining morning face, creeping like snail Unwillingly to school. And then the lover, Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad Made to his mistress' eyebrow. Then a soldier, Full of strange oaths and bearded like the pard, Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel, Seeking the bubble reputation Even in the cannon's mouth. And then the justice, In fair round belly with good capon lined, With eyes severe and beard of formal cut, Full of wise saws and modern instances; And so he plays his part. The sixth age shifts Into the lean and slippered pantaloon, With spectacles on nose and pouch on side; His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide For his shrunk shank, and his big manly voice, Turning again toward childish treble, pipes And whistles in his sound. Last scene of all, That ends this strange eventful history, Is second childishness and mere oblivion, Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.

This is no more true than when we live in our great cities. They are the urban stage of our civilization, our families and our communities. Community is the central player our our towns, and within Amsterdam a community thrives and begs our participation. It's reputation as a vacation spot does a disservice to its nature. The openness, often to the point of recklessness, is not the cause of Amsterdam's spirited civic life, but a result of it. From its youth it has been a city obsessed with the philosophical struggle between individual responsibility, discipline and communal responsibility. It might be the most libertarian city in the world, but it is also has one of the most discipled populations. Fortunes have been made and lost, and yet it has a long tradition of community service to the poor. It has most often been harsher on the debtor than the Catholic and the Jew. They are calculated gamblers, such that they were briefly the greatest Naval power in the world, until it was just not practical to continue to do so. The Dutch have a love affair with Jan Steen, and Jan Steen's paintings might well be an analogy for the nation as a whole, and most certainly the City of Amsterdam itself. The Dutch pass laws they never intend to enforce as a practical matter. Rather than depend on police force, they depend on an expectation of informal conformity and common sense to get through most of their days.

In this context, Amsterdam is a terrific stage for human events. The Masters of the Dutch Golden Age set a stage for us of their lives, and history, in a way that had had never previously been attempted. Flipping through a catalogue of artworks, such as is presented here, is like going through the photo album of an extended family, forbearer's of the entirety of the liberal Western Civilization. We are moved from scene to scene, in an unfolding struggle for humanity to define itself, not scientifically in a Darwinian haze, but in the spiritual realm. The brevity of life is a constant theme in Dutch art, and our individuality, while coming into focus, is tempered always by the trauma of independence. Amsterdam is a unique stage for personnel development. We can tap into the deep wells of human civilization, not on the scale of the Egyptian pyramids, but on the scale of a canal, the interior of a home, or a church, the bathing of a child, the flirtations of a prostitute, the taste of an oyster, the pride of a father, the celebration of a regiment, the radiance of a field of wheat, the drama of a ship entrapped by a storm, the scrutiny of the quality of goods, the flash of a smile, all the things that people do to define themselves, to struggle with their mortality, to try to hew a legacy, to run a home and find place for themselves on the stage of life.
This is Amsterdam

New York is blessed with a Dutch heritage that manifested itself in many of its core attributes, including its commerce, its liberty, its self-reflection, its love of the arts, its boisterousness, and its tolerance for individual folly. It is a city that is largely slow to judge, and is just to damn busy for trivialities. This is why New York has been a unique urban power in the 20th century. It stands out from Boston, Philadelphia, Washington DC, Chicago, or even London, Paris and Berlin. It has Dutch cosmopolites in its root. It is, and always has been, a conservative bastion such as the Dutch. Change does not come easy. It struggles to find consensus, but it experiments incessantly. It's conservatism is the base that permits growth, tolerance, experimentation, and the white lights. It is not easily moved as it focuses on enterprise, practical solutions, hard work, and hustle. What you bring to the table is valued more than who you are, or what you believe as long as your radicalism doesn't upset the social order to the degree to disrupt the social framework that makes wealth generation and individuality possible. This is all Dutch.

There are differences between the two cities as well. And these say much about us as well, and makes the trip to Amsterdam valuable. It is hard to imagine that Amsterdam would ever suffer the kind of implosion that New York did in the late 20th century. America has had a love hate relationship with its foremost metropolis. It's successes have been resented. Its liberalism has been resented. And when it was faced with greater poverty and racial strife than it could cope with, it was largely abandoned by the nation. This would never happen with the Dutch. For the Dutch, Amsterdam is a point of national pride, and a national treasure. It has been crowned a capital, although it has nearly no capital functions, and the real capital is in De Hague. The Dutch also have greater cohesion and discipline of a sort. Without negotiation, in the Netherlands streets are clean. Graffiti is removed. Trains run on time. Problems are solved, and not ignored. There is a consensus about the minimal expectations of the public sphere. This is not to say they don't have conflict and problems, because they have many problems and more are coming. But they are resolved to uphold basic order upon which its people can depend on. Its conflicts and chaos rests on a basic platform of order and collaboration that the City of New York is missing. The bicycle chaos that exists in Amsterdam, as an example, can never happen in New York City. The body count would just be too high.

So here are some tips about visiting Amsterdam and trying to see all the art, especially if you are Jewish

Hotels - and Kosher food

In theory there is a Hotel in the new Jewish section in the south are of Amsterdam which has Kosher catering and there are a variety of hotels which will bring Kosher food if asked. None of the them are really great choices for hotels, however. They are either poorly placed, or too expensive. It takes planning to make sure you have food especially on Shabbat. We can discuss this below. In my opinion, if you want to spend Shabbos at the Portuguese Synagauge and see the museums, then you are best at the Best Western Apollo Museum Hotel at PC Hooftstraat 2-14 near the Rijks Museum. They are located right down the street from the Rijks Museum, and Museum Plane and a brisk walk from the Portuguese Synagogue. They have a great breakfast spread, which is not easy to find in Amsterdam, with lots of cereal, raw granola, coffee and fruit. You can pick a few things off the buffet and have a decent breakfast, assuming you trust their milk. If not, you are really stuck with the Holiday Inn Express Amsterdam - Sloterdijk Station, or the NH Amsterdam Zuid which has kosher facilities and can handle a full Shabbos program. However, despite the marketing on their website, they are NOT near the city center. They are not near the museums. They are in the modern Jewish community but not near the historical community and they are not near Chabad. They are in a bedroom community a good distance from the historical city center.

The Best Western Apollo is very close to Leiden Square, the American Embassy, the Chabad Center, The Rijks Museum, the Van Gough Museum, the Stedelijk Museum, Vondel Park, Pathe, theaters, and walking distance to the old Jewish community, Central Train Station, Damn Square, Rembrandt Square... etc etc. They are very familiar with Jewish guests. They will open the doors for you for Shabbat, and they can help you order Kosher food. They have been as helpful and informed as any hotel I had been anywhere in the US. For Shabbat, the most important thing is to be in reach of the Esnoga and the Chabbad House for their Shabbos meals. Chabbad is ner Kerkstraat and Leidsesstraat.

For Kosher food, there are a great many slections and they will no doubt change over time so use your search engine. But some of my favorite chocies had been:

Shabbat in Amsterdam

If you are Jewish, and have an affinity for Shabbos, then going to the Esnoga for Friday Night, and Shabbat Morning is a most do on your trip. When I go to Amsterdam, I always make it a point to spend Shabbos in Amsterdam. In the winter, services are in the chapel, which is great. Friday Night and Minchah are also in the Chapel. In the Summer, who a glorious Shabbat in the main Synagogue. It is just awesome. The place lifts your emunah and can bring tears to your eyes. See if you can get an invitation for Shabbat afternoon meals. But if not, or maybe if you prefer, the Chabbad House is a walk from the Esnoga and they have a fun, loud, Shabbat lunch. A lot of Israeli's make this trip and it can be a lot of fun. I wanted to put the address up for the Shabbat location, but it seems to be that Chabad isn't disclosing it publicly on their website. I have it in my email. So either they moved the location for the meals or they are not giving the information away for security reasons, or because they want you to buy a meal with a registration. Either way, I will go along with this lack of public information, and assume they don't want to give the address out. I will say that they are not far from Lieden Square. They have a center also on Albert Cuypstraat 165-167. Both are close to the Esnoga. They have moved several times as they are growing.

Museum Shops

The museum shops around the Netherlands, as a group, are very decent. They have decent and distinct personalities. The best of them, in my opinion, is the shop that is in the Amsterdam Annex of the Hermitage, which is a museum worth seeing but didn't make my list of the bests, which I put up here. The Hermitage rotates expositions and the few I've seen were good, but not on par with the permanent collections I reviewed. It does, however, have a great and diverse Museum Shop. It has a wonderful set of unique and artful cards, greeting cards and post cards etc, from a vast number of world artists. They also have a wonderful selection of jewelry, and plates. We are talking top notch merchandise with a wonderful deeply artistic lilt. The museum is ok, but the shopping makes is a go to place for tourists and many of the locals. The fact that it has no permanent collection allows the shop to take broad look at their merchandise and they do a world class job.

Another museum that I didn't review, but is worth a visit is the The Stedelijk Museum, which is a modern art museum near that Van Gogh Museum. In fact, the museum launched the Van Gogh Museum by displaying Van Gogh's personal collection which became very popular until the Van Gogh family broke it off into what is today's Van Gogh Museum. The Stedelijk museum has an academic grade bookstore for art. I have brought several volumes on Art from this museum store. They have 1000 page texts on many of the worlds most beloved artists. If there are libraries stocked as well as the Stedelijk's bookstore, I am not aware of them. BTW, the Stedelijk has a world class, and very busy, restaurant as well. The reason why it wasn't listed here is because as New Yorker, we have the best collections of Modern Art in the world near by, and the Stedelijk is not quite on the grade of the Guggenheim, MOMA and the Metropolitan (not to mention the Smithsonian in Washington DC). America is rich in Modern art because it was initially rejected in Europe.

The Kroller-Muller museum has another first class museum shop. I can spend a couple of hours in the stop. They have great cards. They have truly breathtaking calenders, prints and books. They have a selection of refrigerator magnets that are so cool. I love Van Gogh on my refrigerator. They have a canvas print services, and such, and a unique collection of texts. BTW - the Kroller-Muller also sports a great restaurant that juts into the gardens. It is limited, but a great place for coffee and sandwiches.

The Van Gogh Museum is stocked with Van Gogh imagery from their collection. This makes it worthwhile, but a step below of the others mentioned above. The Rijks Museum and Mauritshuis are rich and well done, but again, not on the scale of those above.

It should be pointed out that the Dutch Post Office in Amsterdam has a collection of greeting cards and museum items from around the city, especially well stocked with Rijks Museum material.











Amsterdam at Dusk

Art Gallery Links - Worth exploring

Rijks, Kroller-Muller, Mauritshuis, Portuguese Synagogue
Portuguese Synagogue 2012
Rijks Museum - 2015 - great close ups
Rijks Museum
Frans Hals Museum
Kroller-Muller Museum
Rijks Museum