UNESCO is slated to vote twice this month on Palestinian- initiated resolutions that ignore Jewish ties to Judaism’s most holy sites: Jerusalem’s Temple Mount and the Western Wall.

The first of these votes is expected to be taken on Thursday by the 58-member Executive Board of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization in Paris.

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In advance of that vote, Israel’s Mission to UNESCO in Paris, has given board members and international diplomats a brochure detailing the deep historical connections Judaism has to those sites, which are also holy to Christians and Muslims.

“These facts and evidence will leave no doubt, and without undermining other connection of other religions to the holy places in Jerusalem, of the deepest and longest Jewish presence in Jerusalem since ancient times,” Ambassador to UNESCO Carmel Shama-Hacohen wrote.

“Every attempt to distort the history and harm the above-mentioned relations of the Jewish people and Jerusalem is an attempt to rewrite history in a dangerous, unfair and one-sided manner,” he said.

Among the evidence listed in the brochure is a ninth-century BCE inscription referring to the House of David, an eighth-century BCE seal from King Hezekiah, and a stone etching of a Jewish menorah from the year 66 CE found in Jerusalem.

The Executive Board vote will be followed by another vote on a similarly-worded resolution that will be brought before the World Heritage Committee that is meeting in Paris on October 24-26.

The resolutions, which have been informally put forward by the Palestinians, take Israel to task for a wide range of activities in Jerusalem and the West Bank.

The initial parts of the text focus on the Temple Mount area. The language used in the resolutions refers to the Temple Mount area almost exclusively by its Muslim name of al-Haram a-Sharif, or the Noble Sanctuary. The text, however, does state that Jerusalem and its Old City walls are important to all three religions.

In the draft of the Executive Board resolution (dated September 2016) that was shown to The Jerusalem Post, the Western Wall was mentioned twice in quotes. Otherwise, it was referenced in the text by its Muslim name of “the Buraq Plaza.”

As a member state of UNESCO since 2011, “Palestine” may submit resolutions to UNESCO bodies such as the World Heritage Committee.

In 2015, the Palestinian Authority began a UNESCO campaign to reclassify the Temple Mount, but failed to garner enough support for an October resolution that would have formally declared the area as an exclusively Muslim shrine.

When UNESCO’s Executive Board met in Paris in April, 2016, it adopted a resolution that spoke solely of Muslim ties to the Temple Mount.

In July, another resolution with the same wording was brought forward by the Palestinians and Jordan to the 21-member World Heritage Committee.

The matter was moved to the October 24-26 meeting without a vote, when the failed coup in Turkey forced UNESCO to cut short the July session.

UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova has in the past spoken out against such resolutions stating: “To deny or conceal any of the Jewish, Christian or Muslim traditions undermines the integrity of the site, and runs counter to the reasons that justified its inscription in 1981.”

Ultimately, however, the decision to pass these resolutions is up to the member states on the various UNESCO committees.

A bipartisan group of 39 US congressmen led by Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas) and Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-Florida) wrote a letter this week to the Executive Board members asking them to vote against the latest resolution when the matter is brought up on Thursday and Friday of this week.

“This resolution flies in the face of, among other things, science as recent archeological excavations, notably in the City of David, have revealed incontrovertible, physical evidence that reaffirms Jewish and Christian ties to the holy city of Jerusalem,” Cruz said.

Ros-Lehtinen said that the resolution implies that “Jerusalem is inconsequential to Jews and Christians, with the intent of laying the groundwork for additional UN efforts to delegitimize Israel and undermine its status as the capital of the Jewish state.”

“UNESCO was created to build intercultural understanding yet, as is the case across the entire UN system, intolerance and intentionally corrosive behavior on the part of many of the organization’s members has undermined its original mission and only further underscores the need for drastic reform throughout the entire UN system,” Ros-Lehtinen said.

Jewish groups, including the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations and B’nai B’rith, have also called on UNESCO’s Executive Board to reject the resolution.

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